html boilerplate | html boilerplate code explanation - codewithrandom

boilerplate in html | what is html boilerplate?

html boilerplate | html boilerplate code explanation - codewithrandom


HTML BOILERPLATE

Today we will be taking a look at the HTML Boilerplate, it is quite well-known concept among programmers, and all of us have come across this concept at least once in our programming journey. Without further ado let's dive right into it.

What is HTML Boilerplate?

Boilerplates can be defined as code blocks that are repeated quite frequently without any changes throughout the web development process. In a simpler term, you can call it a template for code.
HTML Boilerplates provide the base an HTML page.

What is the need for a Boilerplate?

Now the question arises that what exactly is the need for a Boilerplate. In the web development process, the programmer has to write thousands of lines of codes for hours and in between them, there is a piece of code that is repeated quite frequently which could be quite frustrating. Hence to minimize the efforts of programmers the boilerplates are used.

HTML Boilerplate in Vs code :

Now let's take a look at the widely used HTML Boilerplate in Vs code.

Basic Boilerplate Template:

This boiler should be available by default when Vs code is installed.
To use it you have to type html:5 and hit tab or type ! and hit tab.
Or use a select suggestion from drop-down menu and hit enter as shown below:


After selecting the following code should appear on the screen.


HTML

Inside our HTML tag as you can see, we nest the <head> and <body> tags. Here's the structure breakdown.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head></head>
  <body></body>
</html>

Now we will break this down, even more, to help you understand the boilerplate structure even better.

Head Tag

Inside our<head> tag, we will nest the metadata. This includes meta tags for responsiveness or charset, title tag to display in web browsers and also link rel for linking your CSS files or to link any other libraries/files. We will look through them even more detail later.
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>Document</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>

Meta Tag

There are few meta tags to add. These include
  • Charset UTF-8 : This is the standard character encoding that's usually used in websites worldwide. This encoding can support many pages and is useful according to the World Wide Web Consortium
  • Viewport Meta Tag: Fixes and sets a width of a page on all devices. In other words, this is useful for easily making a responsive site.
  • X-UA-Compatible : Sets the document mode for Internet Explorer for pages to run well there.

Title Tag

The title tag is very simple and straightforward. It declares the title of the page in a web browser. The image below explains all.
For example, if you set the title of your page as Document, then the output would be:

As mentioned earlier, the link rel is to link your CSS file, any library or stylesheet files too.

Boilerplates are quite handy in programming, so make sure to understand the concepts and structure of boilerplate thoroughly so that you can apply it to your projects and make your coding easier and efficient.




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