Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu | Context Menu Html Css Javascript

Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu | Context Menu Html Css Javascript

Welcome🎉 to Code With Random blog. In this blog, we learn how we create a  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu. We use HTML, Css, and javascript for this Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu. Hope you enjoy our blog so let’s start with a basic HTML structure for a  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu.

HTML code

 <div class="video-bg">  
<video width="100%" height="100%" muted autoplay loop>
<source src="https://assets.codepen.io/344846/cm.mp4" type="video/mp4">
</video>
</div>
<div class="right-click">Right-click anywhere</div>
<div class="target-light target">Light Menu</div>
<div class="target-dark target">Dark Menu</div>

There is all HTML code for the  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu. Now, you can see output without CSS, then we write css & javascript for the  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu.

 @import url("https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Inter&display=swap");  
* {
box-sizing: border-box;
font-family: "Inter", sans-serif;
}
html, body {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
overflow: hidden;
}
.video-bg {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
pointer-events: none;
}
.video-bg video {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
object-fit: cover;
}
.target {
width: 50%;
height: 100%;
position: absolute;
top: 0;
z-index: 1;
display: flex;
align-items: center;
justify-content: center;
color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
font-size: 2vw;
}
.target-light {
left: 0;
}
.target-dark {
right: 0;
}
body {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
background-color: #000;
overflow: hidden;
}
.right-click {
position: absolute;
top: 50%;
left: 50%;
transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
z-index: 2;
pointer-events: none;
padding: 2vw;
border-radius: 1vw;
font-size: 2.4vw;
background-color: #fff;
}
/* Context Menu */
.contextMenu {
--menu-border: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08);
--menu-bg: linear-gradient(45deg, rgba(10, 20, 28, 0.2) 0%, rgba(10, 20, 28, 0.7) 100%);
--item-border: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.1);
--item-color: #fff;
--item-bg-hover: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.1);
height: 0;
overflow: hidden;
background: var(--menu-bg);
backdrop-filter: blur(5px);
position: fixed;
top: var(--top);
left: var(--left);
animation: menuAnimation 0.4s 0s both;
transform-origin: left;
list-style: none;
margin: 4px;
padding: 0;
display: flex;
flex-direction: column;
z-index: 999999999;
box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px var(--menu-border), 0 2px 2px #000, 0 4px 4px #000, 0 10px 8px #000, 0 15px 15px #000, 0 30px 30px #000, 0 70px 65px #000;
}
.contextMenu-item {
padding: 4px;
}
.contextMenu-item[data-divider="top"] {
border-top: 1px solid;
}
.contextMenu-item[data-divider="bottom"] {
border-bottom: 1px solid;
}
.contextMenu-item[data-divider="top-bottom"] {
border-top: 1px solid;
border-bottom: 1px solid;
}
.contextMenu-item[data-divider] {
border-color: var(--item-border);
}
.contextMenu-button {
color: var(--item-color);
background: 0;
border: 0;
white-space: nowrap;
width: 100%;
border-radius: 4px;
padding: 6px 24px 6px 7px;
text-align: left;
display: flex;
align-items: center;
font-size: 14px;
width: 100%;
animation: menuItemAnimation 0.2s 0s both;
font-family: "Inter", sans-serif;
cursor: pointer;
}
.contextMenu-button:hover {
background-color: var(--item-bg-hover);
}
.contextMenu[data-theme="light"] {
--menu-bg: linear-gradient(45deg, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.45) 0%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.85) 100%);
--menu-border: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08);
--item-border: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
--item-color: #0a141c;
--item-bg-hover: rgba(10, 20, 28, 0.09);
}
@keyframes menuAnimation {
0% {
opacity: 0;
transform: scale(0.5);
}
100% {
height: var(--height);
opacity: 1;
border-radius: 8px;
transform: scale(1);
}
}
@keyframes menuItemAnimation {
0% {
opacity: 0;
transform: translateX(-10px);
}
100% {
opacity: 1;
transform: translateX(0);
}
}

Here is our updated output CSS.

 class ContextMenu {  
constructor({ target = null, menuItems = [], mode = "dark" }) {
this.target = target;
this.menuItems = menuItems;
this.mode = mode;
this.targetNode = this.getTargetNode();
this.menuItemsNode = this.getMenuItemsNode();
this.isOpened = false;
}
getTargetNode() {
const nodes = document.querySelectorAll(this.target);
if (nodes && nodes.length !== 0) {
return nodes;
} else {
console.error(`getTargetNode :: "${this.target}" target not found`);
return [];
}
}
getMenuItemsNode() {
const nodes = [];
if (!this.menuItems) {
console.error("getMenuItemsNode :: Please enter menu items");
return [];
}
this.menuItems.forEach((data, index) => {
const item = this.createItemMarkup(data);
item.firstChild.setAttribute(
"style",
`animation-delay: ${index * 0.08}s`
);
nodes.push(item);
});
return nodes;
}
createItemMarkup(data) {
const button = document.createElement("BUTTON");
const item = document.createElement("LI");
button.innerHTML = data.content;
button.classList.add("contextMenu-button");
item.classList.add("contextMenu-item");
if (data.divider) item.setAttribute("data-divider", data.divider);
item.appendChild(button);
if (data.events && data.events.length !== 0) {
Object.entries(data.events).forEach((event) => {
const [key, value] = event;
button.addEventListener(key, value);
});
}
return item;
}
renderMenu() {
const menuContainer = document.createElement("UL");
menuContainer.classList.add("contextMenu");
menuContainer.setAttribute("data-theme", this.mode);
this.menuItemsNode.forEach((item) => menuContainer.appendChild(item));
return menuContainer;
}
closeMenu(menu) {
if (this.isOpened) {
this.isOpened = false;
menu.remove();
}
}
init() {
const contextMenu = this.renderMenu();
document.addEventListener("click", () => this.closeMenu(contextMenu));
window.addEventListener("blur", () => this.closeMenu(contextMenu));
document.addEventListener("contextmenu", (e) => {
this.targetNode.forEach((target) => {
if (!e.target.contains(target)) {
contextMenu.remove();
}
});
});
this.targetNode.forEach((target) => {
target.addEventListener("contextmenu", (e) => {
e.preventDefault();
this.isOpened = true;
const { clientX, clientY } = e;
document.body.appendChild(contextMenu);
const positionY =
clientY + contextMenu.scrollHeight >= window.innerHeight
? window.innerHeight - contextMenu.scrollHeight - 20
: clientY;
const positionX =
clientX + contextMenu.scrollWidth >= window.innerWidth
? window.innerWidth - contextMenu.scrollWidth - 20
: clientX;
contextMenu.setAttribute(
"style",
`--width: ${contextMenu.scrollWidth}px;
--height: ${contextMenu.scrollHeight}px;
--top: ${positionY}px;
--left: ${positionX}px;`
);
});
});
}
}
const copyIcon = `<svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" width="13" height="13" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2.5" style="margin-right: 7px" fill="none" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" class="css-i6dzq1"><rect x="9" y="9" width="13" height="13" rx="2" ry="2"></rect><path d="M5 15H4a2 2 0 0 1-2-2V4a2 2 0 0 1 2-2h9a2 2 0 0 1 2 2v1"></path></svg>`;
const cutIcon = `<svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" width="13" height="13" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2.5" style="margin-right: 7px" fill="none" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" class="css-i6dzq1"><circle cx="6" cy="6" r="3"></circle><circle cx="6" cy="18" r="3"></circle><line x1="20" y1="4" x2="8.12" y2="15.88"></line><line x1="14.47" y1="14.48" x2="20" y2="20"></line><line x1="8.12" y1="8.12" x2="12" y2="12"></line></svg>`;
const pasteIcon = `<svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" width="13" height="13" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2.5" style="margin-right: 7px; position: relative; top: -1px" fill="none" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" class="css-i6dzq1"><path d="M16 4h2a2 2 0 0 1 2 2v14a2 2 0 0 1-2 2H6a2 2 0 0 1-2-2V6a2 2 0 0 1 2-2h2"></path><rect x="8" y="2" width="8" height="4" rx="1" ry="1"></rect></svg>`;
const downloadIcon = `<svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" width="13" height="13" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2.5" style="margin-right: 7px; position: relative; top: -1px" fill="none" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" class="css-i6dzq1"><path d="M21 15v4a2 2 0 0 1-2 2H5a2 2 0 0 1-2-2v-4"></path><polyline points="7 10 12 15 17 10"></polyline><line x1="12" y1="15" x2="12" y2="3"></line></svg>`;
const deleteIcon = `<svg viewBox="0 0 24 24" width="13" height="13" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2.5" fill="none" style="margin-right: 7px" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" class="css-i6dzq1"><polyline points="3 6 5 6 21 6"></polyline><path d="M19 6v14a2 2 0 0 1-2 2H7a2 2 0 0 1-2-2V6m3 0V4a2 2 0 0 1 2-2h4a2 2 0 0 1 2 2v2"></path></svg>`;
const menuItems = [
{
content: `${copyIcon}Copy`,
events: {
click: (e) => console.log(e, "Copy Button Click")
// mouseover: () => console.log("Copy Button Mouseover")
// You can use any event listener from here
}
},
{ content: `${pasteIcon}Paste` },
{ content: `${cutIcon}Cut` },
{ content: `${downloadIcon}Download` },
{
content: `${deleteIcon}Delete`,
divider: "top" // top, bottom, top-bottom
}
];
const light = new ContextMenu({
target: ".target-light",
mode: "light", // default: "dark"
menuItems
});
light.init();
const dark = new ContextMenu({
target: ".target-dark",
menuItems
});
dark.init();
// remove message
function removeMessage() {
const message = document.querySelector(".right-click");
if (message) message.remove();
}
window.addEventListener("click", removeMessage);
window.addEventListener("contextmenu", removeMessage);

Final output


Now we have completed our javascript section,  Here is our updated output with javascriptHope you like the  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu. you can see output video and project screenshots. See our other blogs and gain knowledge in front-end development. Thank you 🙏💕!

In this post, we learn how to create a  Custom Right-Click (Context) Menu using simple HTML & CSS, and javascript. If we made a mistake or any confusion, please drop a comment to reply or help you in easy learning.

Written by – Code With Random/Anki 

Codepen by – Mert Cukuren

Leave a Reply