Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript







Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript

 Welcome🎉 to Code With Random blog. In this blog, we learn how we create Ping Pong Game. We use HTML, Css, and javascript for this Ping Pong Game. I hope you enjoy our blog so let’s start with a basic HTML structure for Ping Pong Game.

HTML code

 <canvas></canvas>  

There is all the HTML code for the Ping Pong Game. Now, you can see output without CSS, then we write css & javascript for the Ping Pong Game.

output

Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript
Simple Blank Output with the canvas tag

CSS Code

 body {  
text-align: center;
}

Here is our updated output CSS.

output

Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript

Blank Output with the Simple Css

Javascript code 

 // Global Variables  
var DIRECTION = {
IDLE: 0,
UP: 1,
DOWN: 2,
LEFT: 3,
RIGHT: 4
};
var rounds = [5, 5, 3, 3, 2];
var colors = ['#1abc9c', '#2ecc71', '#3498db', '#e74c3c', '#9b59b6'];
// The ball object (The cube that bounces back and forth)
var Ball = {
new: function (incrementedSpeed) {
return {
width: 18,
height: 18,
x: (this.canvas.width / 2) - 9,
y: (this.canvas.height / 2) - 9,
moveX: DIRECTION.IDLE,
moveY: DIRECTION.IDLE,
speed: incrementedSpeed || 9
};
}
};
// The paddle object (The two lines that move up and down)
var Paddle = {
new: function (side) {
return {
width: 18,
height: 70,
x: side === 'left' ? 150 : this.canvas.width - 150,
y: (this.canvas.height / 2) - 35,
score: 0,
move: DIRECTION.IDLE,
speed: 10
};
}
};
var Game = {
initialize: function () {
this.canvas = document.querySelector('canvas');
this.context = this.canvas.getContext('2d');
this.canvas.width = 1400;
this.canvas.height = 1000;
this.canvas.style.width = (this.canvas.width / 2) + 'px';
this.canvas.style.height = (this.canvas.height / 2) + 'px';
this.player = Paddle.new.call(this, 'left');
this.paddle = Paddle.new.call(this, 'right');
this.ball = Ball.new.call(this);
this.paddle.speed = 8;
this.running = this.over = false;
this.turn = this.paddle;
this.timer = this.round = 0;
this.color = '#2c3e50';
Pong.menu();
Pong.listen();
},
endGameMenu: function (text) {
// Change the canvas font size and color
Pong.context.font = '50px Courier New';
Pong.context.fillStyle = this.color;
// Draw the rectangle behind the 'Press any key to begin' text.
Pong.context.fillRect(
Pong.canvas.width / 2 - 350,
Pong.canvas.height / 2 - 48,
700,
100
);
// Change the canvas color;
Pong.context.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
// Draw the end game menu text ('Game Over' and 'Winner')
Pong.context.fillText(text,
Pong.canvas.width / 2,
Pong.canvas.height / 2 + 15
);
setTimeout(function () {
Pong = Object.assign({}, Game);
Pong.initialize();
}, 3000);
},
menu: function () {
// Draw all the Pong objects in their current state
Pong.draw();
// Change the canvas font size and color
this.context.font = '50px Courier New';
this.context.fillStyle = this.color;
// Draw the rectangle behind the 'Press any key to begin' text.
this.context.fillRect(
this.canvas.width / 2 - 350,
this.canvas.height / 2 - 48,
700,
100
);
// Change the canvas color;
this.context.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
// Draw the 'press any key to begin' text
this.context.fillText('Press any key to begin',
this.canvas.width / 2,
this.canvas.height / 2 + 15
);
},
// Update all objects (move the player, paddle, ball, increment the score, etc.)
update: function () {
if (!this.over) {
// If the ball collides with the bound limits - correct the x and y coords.
if (this.ball.x <= 0) Pong._resetTurn.call(this, this.paddle, this.player);
if (this.ball.x >= this.canvas.width - this.ball.width) Pong._resetTurn.call(this, this.player, this.paddle);
if (this.ball.y <= 0) this.ball.moveY = DIRECTION.DOWN;
if (this.ball.y >= this.canvas.height - this.ball.height) this.ball.moveY = DIRECTION.UP;
// Move player if they player.move value was updated by a keyboard event
if (this.player.move === DIRECTION.UP) this.player.y -= this.player.speed;
else if (this.player.move === DIRECTION.DOWN) this.player.y += this.player.speed;
// On new serve (start of each turn) move the ball to the correct side
// and randomize the direction to add some challenge.
if (Pong._turnDelayIsOver.call(this) && this.turn) {
this.ball.moveX = this.turn === this.player ? DIRECTION.LEFT : DIRECTION.RIGHT;
this.ball.moveY = [DIRECTION.UP, DIRECTION.DOWN][Math.round(Math.random())];
this.ball.y = Math.floor(Math.random() * this.canvas.height - 200) + 200;
this.turn = null;
}
// If the player collides with the bound limits, update the x and y coords.
if (this.player.y <= 0) this.player.y = 0;
else if (this.player.y >= (this.canvas.height - this.player.height)) this.player.y = (this.canvas.height - this.player.height);
// Move ball in intended direction based on moveY and moveX values
if (this.ball.moveY === DIRECTION.UP) this.ball.y -= (this.ball.speed / 1.5);
else if (this.ball.moveY === DIRECTION.DOWN) this.ball.y += (this.ball.speed / 1.5);
if (this.ball.moveX === DIRECTION.LEFT) this.ball.x -= this.ball.speed;
else if (this.ball.moveX === DIRECTION.RIGHT) this.ball.x += this.ball.speed;
// Handle paddle (AI) UP and DOWN movement
if (this.paddle.y > this.ball.y - (this.paddle.height / 2)) {
if (this.ball.moveX === DIRECTION.RIGHT) this.paddle.y -= this.paddle.speed / 1.5;
else this.paddle.y -= this.paddle.speed / 4;
}
if (this.paddle.y < this.ball.y - (this.paddle.height / 2)) {
if (this.ball.moveX === DIRECTION.RIGHT) this.paddle.y += this.paddle.speed / 1.5;
else this.paddle.y += this.paddle.speed / 4;
}
// Handle paddle (AI) wall collision
if (this.paddle.y >= this.canvas.height - this.paddle.height) this.paddle.y = this.canvas.height - this.paddle.height;
else if (this.paddle.y <= 0) this.paddle.y = 0;
// Handle Player-Ball collisions
if (this.ball.x - this.ball.width <= this.player.x && this.ball.x >= this.player.x - this.player.width) {
if (this.ball.y <= this.player.y + this.player.height && this.ball.y + this.ball.height >= this.player.y) {
this.ball.x = (this.player.x + this.ball.width);
this.ball.moveX = DIRECTION.RIGHT;
beep1.play();
}
}
// Handle paddle-ball collision
if (this.ball.x - this.ball.width <= this.paddle.x && this.ball.x >= this.paddle.x - this.paddle.width) {
if (this.ball.y <= this.paddle.y + this.paddle.height && this.ball.y + this.ball.height >= this.paddle.y) {
this.ball.x = (this.paddle.x - this.ball.width);
this.ball.moveX = DIRECTION.LEFT;
beep1.play();
}
}
}
// Handle the end of round transition
// Check to see if the player won the round.
if (this.player.score === rounds[this.round]) {
// Check to see if there are any more rounds/levels left and display the victory screen if
// there are not.
if (!rounds[this.round + 1]) {
this.over = true;
setTimeout(function () { Pong.endGameMenu('Winner!'); }, 1000);
} else {
// If there is another round, reset all the values and increment the round number.
this.color = this._generateRoundColor();
this.player.score = this.paddle.score = 0;
this.player.speed += 0.5;
this.paddle.speed += 1;
this.ball.speed += 1;
this.round += 1;
beep3.play();
}
}
// Check to see if the paddle/AI has won the round.
else if (this.paddle.score === rounds[this.round]) {
this.over = true;
setTimeout(function () { Pong.endGameMenu('Game Over!'); }, 1000);
}
},
// Draw the objects to the canvas element
draw: function () {
// Clear the Canvas
this.context.clearRect(
0,
0,
this.canvas.width,
this.canvas.height
);
// Set the fill style to black
this.context.fillStyle = this.color;
// Draw the background
this.context.fillRect(
0,
0,
this.canvas.width,
this.canvas.height
);
// Set the fill style to white (For the paddles and the ball)
this.context.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
// Draw the Player
this.context.fillRect(
this.player.x,
this.player.y,
this.player.width,
this.player.height
);
// Draw the Paddle
this.context.fillRect(
this.paddle.x,
this.paddle.y,
this.paddle.width,
this.paddle.height
);
// Draw the Ball
if (Pong._turnDelayIsOver.call(this)) {
this.context.fillRect(
this.ball.x,
this.ball.y,
this.ball.width,
this.ball.height
);
}
// Draw the net (Line in the middle)
this.context.beginPath();
this.context.setLineDash([7, 15]);
this.context.moveTo((this.canvas.width / 2), this.canvas.height - 140);
this.context.lineTo((this.canvas.width / 2), 140);
this.context.lineWidth = 10;
this.context.strokeStyle = '#ffffff';
this.context.stroke();
// Set the default canvas font and align it to the center
this.context.font = '100px Courier New';
this.context.textAlign = 'center';
// Draw the players score (left)
this.context.fillText(
this.player.score.toString(),
(this.canvas.width / 2) - 300,
200
);
// Draw the paddles score (right)
this.context.fillText(
this.paddle.score.toString(),
(this.canvas.width / 2) + 300,
200
);
// Change the font size for the center score text
this.context.font = '30px Courier New';
// Draw the winning score (center)
this.context.fillText(
'Round ' + (Pong.round + 1),
(this.canvas.width / 2),
35
);
// Change the font size for the center score value
this.context.font = '40px Courier';
// Draw the current round number
this.context.fillText(
rounds[Pong.round] ? rounds[Pong.round] : rounds[Pong.round - 1],
(this.canvas.width / 2),
100
);
},
loop: function () {
Pong.update();
Pong.draw();
// If the game is not over, draw the next frame.
if (!Pong.over) requestAnimationFrame(Pong.loop);
},
listen: function () {
document.addEventListener('keydown', function (key) {
// Handle the 'Press any key to begin' function and start the game.
if (Pong.running === false) {
Pong.running = true;
window.requestAnimationFrame(Pong.loop);
}
// Handle up arrow and w key events
if (key.keyCode === 38 || key.keyCode === 87) Pong.player.move = DIRECTION.UP;
// Handle down arrow and s key events
if (key.keyCode === 40 || key.keyCode === 83) Pong.player.move = DIRECTION.DOWN;
});
// Stop the player from moving when there are no keys being pressed.
document.addEventListener('keyup', function (key) { Pong.player.move = DIRECTION.IDLE; });
},
// Reset the ball location, the player turns and set a delay before the next round begins.
_resetTurn: function(victor, loser) {
this.ball = Ball.new.call(this, this.ball.speed);
this.turn = loser;
this.timer = (new Date()).getTime();
victor.score++;
beep2.play();
},
// Wait for a delay to have passed after each turn.
_turnDelayIsOver: function() {
return ((new Date()).getTime() - this.timer >= 1000);
},
// Select a random color as the background of each level/round.
_generateRoundColor: function () {
var newColor = colors[Math.floor(Math.random() * colors.length)];
if (newColor === this.color) return Pong._generateRoundColor();
return newColor;
}
};
var Pong = Object.assign({}, Game);
Pong.initialize();

Final output

Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript

Now we have completed our javascript section,  Here is our updated output with javascriptHope you like the Ping Pong Game. you can see output video and project screenshots. See our other blogs and gain knowledge in front-end development. Thank you 🙏💕!
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0 thoughts on “Ping Pong Game Code | Pong Game With JavaScript”

  1. this.ball.moveY = [DIRECTION.UP, DIRECTION.DOWN][Math.round(Math.random())]; how this line picks up between up and down direction , it works perfectly but how?

    Reply

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